创造论的证据——有关起源的大辩论

Creation Evidence - The Great Debate of Origins创造论的证据-有关起源的大辩论

Creation Evidence is sought by Creationists to discredit Evolution, not to validate Special Creation…

创造论者寻求的证据符合特殊创造论,不符合进化论。。。

It is agreed on all sides that there are only two possible solutions to the riddle of origins. Either Someone made the world, or the world made itself. A third option, the world is eternal and without origin, contradicts Natural Laws such as Thermodynamics and has been disproved with mathematical certainty in the 20th century. As the universe is obviously complex and seemingly well-designed, a Designer should be the scientific default. In everything we observe today, concept and design are the result of a Mind. Furthermore, Natural Laws such as Gravity, Inverse Squares, Cause and Effect, and Thermodynamics imply a Law-giver.

所有各方都同意,只有两种可能的办法来解决的起源之谜。要么有人造出世界,要么世界造出自身。而第三种选择:世界是永恒的,没有起源,但这违背自然法则,如热力学,并已由20世纪的数学确定性证明非真。宇宙显然是复杂的,似乎是精心设计的,设计师应该是科学的默认。今天我们看到的一切事物中,其概念和设计是智慧的结果。此外,自然的法则,如重力,逆平方定律,因果关系,以及热力学意味着必有法则的赋予者。

Unless a natural mechanism constrained by Natural Law, by which the entire universe could come into existence and further develop through random process, is found, a Creator must be the theoretical default. It doesn't matter whether an individual scientist has difficulty accepting it or not. As Sir Arthur Conan Doyle so eloquently stated in his Sherlock Holmes series, "Once you eliminate the impossible, whatever remains, no matter how improbable, must be the truth."

除非能发现出我们的自然机制是由“自然法则”来制约,该“自然法则”使整个宇宙有可能存在和通过随机过程进一步发展,创造者必须是理论的默认。这个观点不在于某些科学家难以接受与否。正如阿瑟.柯南道尔爵士在他的福尔摩斯丛书中如此雄辩地说明:“一旦你消除了种种不可能,剩余的,不管多么难以置信,必然是真实的。”

Creation Evidence - A Few Brief Examples:

创造论的证据-几个简短的例子:

Lack of Transitional Fossils. Charles Darwin wrote, "Lastly, looking not to any one time, but to all time, if my theory be true, numberless intermediate varieties, linking closely together all the species of the same group, must assuredly have existed. But, as by this theory, innumerable transitional forms must have existed, why do we not find them embedded in countless numbers in the crust of the earth?" (Origin of Species, 1859). Since Darwin put forth his theory, scientists have sought fossil evidence indicating past organic transitions. Nearly 150 years later, there has been no evidence of transition found thus far in the fossil record.

缺乏过渡化石。查尔斯.达尔文写道:“最后,如果我的理论是真实的,那么不是在一段期间,而是在所有期间去寻找,则无数的中间品种必须肯定已经存在,它们将同一组的所有物种密切地联系在一起。但是,正如本理论上所述,无数的过渡形式应该是存在的,我们为什么在地壳中找不到它们?“ (物种起源, 1859年)。自从达尔文提出他的理论,科学家们就试图寻找化石证据来表明以前的过渡有机体。然而近150年后的今天,在迄今的化石记录中,没有任何过渡的证据。

Lack of a Natural Mechanism. Charles Darwin, in his Origin of Species, proposed Natural Selection to be the mechanism by which an original simple-celled organism could have evolved gradually into all species observed today, both plant and animal. Darwin defines evolution as "descent with modification." However, Natural Selection is known to be a conservative process, not a means of developing complexity from simplicity. Later, with our increased understanding of genetics, it was thought perhaps Natural Selection in conjunction with genetic mutation allowed for the development of all species from a common ancestor. However, this is theoretical and controversial, since "beneficial" mutations have yet to be observed. In fact, scientists have only observed harmful, "downward" mutations thus far.

•缺乏自然机制。查尔斯.达尔文在他的“物种起源”中提议:自然选择是一种机制,可使原始的单细胞有机体可能逐渐演化成今天观察到的所有物种,包括植物和动物。达尔文定义进化论为“血统的修改。” 然而,自然选择被认为是一个“保存”的过程,而不是一种从简单发展到复杂的手段。后来,随着我们进一步对遗传学的了解,有人认为可能是由于自然选择与基因突变允许从共同祖先发展出所有物种。但是,这只是有争议的理论,因为“有益的”基因突变还有待观察。事实上,迄今科学家们只发现有害的,“向下”的基因突变。

Time Constraints. Both Creationists and Evolutionists agree that if evolution is at all possible, there needs to be an excessive (if not infinite) amount of time. For much of the 20th century, it was thought evolutionists had all the time they needed. If the earth ever looked too young for certain evolutionary developments to have occurred, the age was pushed back in the textbooks. In 1905, the earth was declared to be two billion years old. By 1970, the earth was determined to be 3.5 billion years old, and by the 1990's, the earth had become 4.6 billion years old.

•时间限制。创造论者和进化论者双方都同意:如果进化是可能的,则需要有一个很长的(如果不是无限的)时期。在20世纪大部分时间里,有人认为进化论者有了所有他们所需要的时期。为了出现某些进化的发展,如果地球看起来太年轻,在教科书中就把地球的年龄推后了。1905年,地球被宣布为二十亿岁。到1970年,地球被确定为三十五亿岁,到20世纪90年代,地球已成为四十六亿岁。

However, Young Earth advocates have identified quite a few Young Earth chronometers in recent years. Currently, there are approximately five times more natural chronometers indicating a "Young Earth" than an "Old Earth." Each discovery is a separate "Limiting Factor" that places a constraint on the possible age of the earth. For example, moon drift, earth rotation speed, magnetic field decay, erosion rates, chemical influx into the oceans, ocean salinity, etc, all constrain the possible age of the earth. Each Limiting Factor is distinct. If one were successfully challenged, there is still the problem of all the rest. Furthermore, there are Limiting Factors constraining the possible age of the universe, such as spiral galaxies where they're maintaining their spiral shapes despite their centers spinning faster than their extremities.

然而,在最近几年,年轻地球论的倡导者已经确定了不少年轻的地球计时器。目前,大约有5倍多的自然计时器显示出:“年轻地球”比“年老地球”的观点更正确。每一个发现都是一个单独的“限制因素”,来制约可能的年龄地球。例如,月球漂移,地球自转速度,磁场衰减,水土流失率,化学物质流入海洋,海水含盐量等,每一个“限制因素“是独立的的,而所有这些都限制可能的年龄地球。如果这些因素能被成功地挑战,仍然有其他的问题。此外,还有一些制约因素限制了可能的宇宙年龄,如螺旋星系,他们正在维持其螺旋形状,尽管他们的中心旋转速度比其肢体旋转速度更快。

Unacceptable Model of Origins. The Big Bang Theory is the accepted source of Origins among the majority of Evolutionists, and is taught in our public schools. However, the Big Bang does not explain many things, including the uneven distribution of matter that results in "voids" and "clumps," or the retrograde motion that must violate the Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum. Furthermore, the Big Bang does not address the primary question at hand, "where did everything come from?" Did nothing explode? How did this explosion cause order, while every explosion observed in recorded history causes disorder and disarray?

•无法接受的起源模式。大多数的进化论者将“大爆炸理论“接受为宇宙起源理论,我们的公立学校也讲授这一理论。然而,大爆炸并不能解释许多事实,包括物质分配不均,结果造成一些“虚空”和“实体”;而且”逆行运动“必然违反角动量守恒定律。此外,“大爆炸理论“并没有涉及首要的问题” “这一切都是从哪里来的呢? 什么也没有怎么能爆炸?这种爆炸如何形成了“秩序”,而在有记载的历史中观察到的每一个爆炸都产生了混乱和无序?

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